Chinese Wall




The Ballad of Mulan

Retold by Song Nan Zhang

Long ago, in a village in northern China, there lived a girl named Mulan.  One day, she sat at her loom weaving cloth. Click-Clack! Click-Clack! went the loom.
Suddenly, the sound of weaving changed to sorrowful sighs. “What troubles you? her mother asked.
“Nothing, Mother,” Mulan softly replied.
Her mother asked her again and again, until Mulan finally said, “There is news of war.”
“Invaders are attacking.  The Emperor is calling for troops.  Last night, I saw the draft poster and twelve scrolls of names in the market.  Father’s name is on every one.”
“But father is old and frail,” Mulan sighed.
“How can he fight? He has no grown son and I have no elder brother.”
“I will go to the markets.  I shall buy a saddle and a horse. I must fight in Father’s place.”
From the eastern market Mulan bought a horse, and from the western market, a saddle. From the southern market she bought a bridle, and from the northern market, a whip.
At dawn Mulan dressed in her armor and bid a sad farewell to the father, mother, sister, and brother.  Then she mounted her horse and rode off with the soldiers.
By nightfall she was camped by the bank of the Yellow River. She thought she heard them mother calling her name.
But it was only the sound of the river crying.
At sunrise Mulan took leave of Yellow River.  At dusk she reached the peak of Black Mountain.
In the darkness she longed to hear father’s voice but heard only the neighing of enemy horses far away.
Mulan rode ten thousand miles to fight a hundred battles. She crossed peaks and passes like a bird in flight.
Nights at the camp were harsh and cold, but Mulan endured every hardship.  Knowing her father was safe warmed her heart.
The war dragged on.  Fierce battles ravaged the land. One after another, noble generals lost their lives.
Mulan’s skill and courage won her respect and rank. After ten years, she returned as a great general, triumphant and victorious!
The Emperor summoned Mulan to the High Palace. He praised her for her bravery and leadership in battle.
The Court would bestow many great titles upon her. Mulan would be showered with gifts of gold.
“Worthy General, you may have your heart’s desire,” the Emperor said.
“I have no need for honors or gold,” Mulan replied.
“All I ask for is a swift camel to take me back home.” The Emperor sent a troop to escort Mulan on her trip.
In town, the news of Mulan’s return created a great excitement.  Holding each other, her proud parents walked to the village gate to welcome her.
Waiting at home, Mulan’s sister beautified herself.  Her brother sharpened his knife to prepare a pig and sheep for the feast in Mulan’s honor.
Home at last! Mulan threw open her open her bedroom door and smiled.  She removed her armor and changed into one of her favorite dresses.
She brushed out her shiny black hair and pasted a yellow flower on her face.  She looked into the mirror and smiled again, happy to be home.
What a surprise it was when Mulan appeared at the door! Her comrades were astonished and amazed.  “How is this possible?” they asked.
“How could we have fought side by side with you for ten years and not have known you were a woman!”
Mulan replied, “They say the male rabbit likes to hop and leap, while the female rabbit prefers to sit still.  But in times of danger, when two rabbits scurry by, who can tell male from female?”
Mulan’s glory spread through the land.  And to this day, we sing of this brave woman who loved her family and served her country, asking for nothing in return.


  1. Why doesn’t Mulan tell her mother right away that there is news of war?
  2. What might have happened if Mulan had asked to fight dressed as a female soldier?
  3. Why are the men who fought side by side with Mulan so surprised that she is a woman?  List more than one reason.
  4. What do Mulan’s actions teach you about the meaning of courage?
  5. The story of Mulan has been retold for hundreds of years.  Why do you think people enjoy retelling it?
  6. CONNECTING/COMPARING Which do you think is a more exciting adventure, The Lost and Found or the Ballad of Mulan? Why?